As surrealism began to became more popular and attractive these days many of you might wondering how it all began.
“People under seventy and over seven are very unreliable if they are not cats.” Leonora Carrington, The Hearing Trumpet
Surrealism is a cultural movement that originated in the late 1910s and early ’20s, as a literary movement that experimented with a new mode of expression called automatic writing, or automatism, which sought to release the unbridled imagination of the subconscious and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.Surrealist works feature the element of surprice, unexpected juxtapositions (the contradistinction tha you can not expect her).
Officially consecrated in Paris in 1924 with the publication of the Manifesto of Surrealism by the poet and critic André Breton (1896–1966), Surrealism became an international intellectual and political movement. Breton, a trained psychiatrist, along with French poets Louis Aragon (1897–1982), Paul Éluard (1895–1952), and Philippe Soupault (1897–1990), were influenced by the psychological theories and dream studies of Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) and the political ideas of Karl Marx (1818–1883). Breton was explicit in his assertion that surrealism was above all, a revolutionary movement.
“Worshiping someone requires complete passivity. To turn the principle of immobility into a rule.” Unica Zürn, Dark Spring
Surrealism developed out of the Dada (another movement of the current era) activities during Worl War I and the most important center of the movement was Paris. From the 1920 onward, the movement spread around the world, eventually affecting the visual arts, literature, film and music of many countries, as well as the political thought and practice, philosophy and social theory. Also, besides the participation of the men surrealists there was and woman surrealists who they are not so popular. So, they were Unica Zurn, Joyce Mansour, Gala, Simone Kahn, Suzanne Muzard, Leonora Carrigton, Lee Miler, Meret Oppenheim, Gisele Prassinos, Toyen, Claude Cahun, Nelly Kaplan and a lot of others.
“When he actually comes, he brings her a book containing white paper, as if it were a sign of her salvation, and she reads a dedication–something about people who have lost hope but start to swim in the whiteness of these leaves and perhaps find a new beginning with their first pen stroke.” Unica Zürn, The Man of Jasmine & Other Texts
That was all about! A few words to understand the movement of Surrealism. Of course there is, more about surrealism but maybe i will be more specific in another post! Enjoy some works of art from the artists of surrealism.